At least two people in the country who have recovered from the corona virus have been diagnosed with ‘black fungus’. After the recent outbreak of the rare fungal disease in India, two people were reported to be infected in Bangladesh.
Black fungus was detected in their body from Bardem General Hospital in the capital this month.
Bardem Hospital officials said that on May 8, a 45-year-old patient was diagnosed with mucorrhoea or black fungus infection. Then on May 23, another 80-year-old man was diagnosed with the disease.
Health officials say people with uncontrolled diabetes and a weakened immune system are at higher risk of developing myocardial infarction or black fungus.
In this regard, Bardem Hospital, Associate Professor of Microbiology. Lovely Barai said, ‘In our lab, two people have been diagnosed with mucorrhoea. We are treating them and trying to control their blood sugar. “
This is the first time that black fungus has been detected in the body of a Covid-19 patient in the laboratory of Bardem Hospital, he said.
Black fungus can cause fever, eye-nose pain, headache, discoloration of the skin of the nose, difficulty seeing, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough, vomiting and even mental imbalance.
It is not a contagious disease. However, there is a risk of getting infected with the disease if you come in contact with the fungus. Those who are older and have had a coronary heart disease before and have a lung infection are at risk. Coronary and diabetic patients should be monitored for blood glucose levels.
“We are monitoring them carefully,” he said. Lovely Barai said, ‘The condition can be serious if the patient infected with It has low immunity. So, they have to be treated carefully. ‘
He added that giving steroids to a patient with corona without understanding the dosage could lower the immune system, increasing the patient’s risk of contracting black fungus.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), mycobacterium tuberculosis is caused by a fungus called mycobacterium tuberculosis.
It is more common on the ground than in the wind and in summer and autumn than in winter and spring. Most people come in contact with the spores of this microscopic fungus every day. So it is almost impossible to avoid contact with myocardial infarction.
However, this fungus is not harmful to most people. Lungs and sinuses can be affected if spores of myocardial infarction enter their body through inhalation. Which later spread to other parts of the body.
According to the CDC, the death toll from this rare fungus is 50 percent. However, a 2005 study of 929 cases found a death rate of 54 percent.
Health experts say there is nothing to worry about as people of all ages are not at risk of contracting the fungus.
They also said that patients with Covid-19 and diabetes, who are taking steroids, cancer or those who have had organ transplants, are at the highest risk of contracting black fungus.
Experts also say that coronavirus infection not only reduces immunity, but also reduces the immunity due to drugs used in the treatment of Covid-19.
Dr. Lovely Barai says, ‘When an elderly person is hospitalized with coronavirus, his immunity is also reduced due to indiscriminate use of steroids. As a result, he may be infected with black fungus.
After the emergence of black fungus as a new threat to India’s health sector, health officials in Bangladesh said on Sunday that they would soon formulate a policy for the prevention and treatment of BF.
Department of Health Services (DGHS) Disease Control Branch Director. Nazmul Islam said, “The National Technical Advisory Committee is making some recommendations to prevent Covid-19.
At the same time, the Health Services Advisory Committee of the Department of Health Services is also making some regulations to prevent this disease. These will be released soon for the treatment of black fungus infection.
However, so far 6,200 people in India have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction, of which 219 have died. According to media reports quoting Indian health officials, It’s infections are on the rise among patients who have been treated with excess steroids in the treatment of Covid-19.
Black fungus has been declared an epidemic in five states of India – Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Odisha, Rajasthan and Telangana.
Professor Tahmina Shirin, director of the government’s Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), said, “Patients with low immunity are most at risk of contracting black fungus.”
He added, ‘Patients with weakened immune systems can have serious conditions if they are infected with black fungus. Therefore, they should be treated carefully. ‘
According to the CDC guidelines, black fungus is treated using anti-fungal medicine. Most of these drugs are given intravenously. One of the most common drugs used to treat black fungus is amphotericin B. This drug is currently being used to treat black fungus in various states of India.
The patient may need to be given this medicine for up to six weeks to recover. However, it also depends on how early the disease is diagnosed and treatment started.
In a recent statement, the Indian Ministry of Health said that in almost all cases, surgical removal of the patient’s fungal cells is required. Some patients lose their upper jaw and eyes.
© All rights reserved Nbc Bangla 2021