When did the history of blood donation Jenin begin? – nbcbangla
1818: English physician Dr. Through the research of William Harvey, man was the first to know that blood flows inside the human body.
1857: Sir Christopher Ren Dr. Inject fluid into the animal’s body using a device invented by William Harvey.
17: Dr. Richard Lower successfully tested blood circulation from one dog’s body to another for the first time. However, after that many people lost their lives at the hands of doctors while transfusing blood from animal bodies to human bodies.
17: Pope bans blood transfusions.
1818: Dr. An English obstetrician named James Blandell invented a blood transfusion device that successfully transfers blood from the body of a healthy person to the body of another dying person. He was the first to say that only human blood can be given to a human body.
1901: Dr. Vienna. As Carl Landsteiner showed, there are 4 main groups of human blood, A, B, AB and O. For the first time, people realized exactly where their mistake had been going on for the last 282 years.
1914-1918: During the First World War, a lot of blood was needed to save thousands of war-wounded people. And then people discovered two things. One, after the blood is removed from the donor’s body, the blood can be protected from clotting if sodium citrate is added to it. Two, like many other things, blood can be stored in the fridge.
1918: For the first time, successfully stored blood is injected into another person’s body. It was from this idea that Oswald Hope Robertson, an American army officer and medical researcher, started the world’s first blood bank in France.
1921: Members of the British Red Cross donate blood at King’s College Hospital in London. This is the first example of voluntary blood donation in the world.
1925: Dr. in Moscow for research on blood circulation. An institution was established under the leadership of Alexander Bagdanov.
1936 – The world’s first blood bank is set up at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, USA.
1930-40: Dr. For the first time, Charles and Drew separated plasma and red blood cells from blood.
1939-40: Dr. The Rhesus blood group system was discovered through the efforts of Carl Landsteiner and a few other researchers. It was understood why giving one’s blood to another would have been a physical reaction for so long.
1950: Blood collection begins in plastic bags instead of glass containers, making the blood circulation process safer and more scientific.
History of voluntary blood donation in the subcontinent
1925: Imperial serologists start a blood transfusion center at the Tropical Medicine School in Calcutta, collecting blood from the body of a single blood donor through a syringe, not a preservative.
1939: The Red Cross Society of India forms a Blood Bank Committee. This committee assists the blood transfusion center with equipment and tries to organize blood donors. As a result, it is possible to collect blood in a flask and store it in the fridge for several hours.
1942: Under the direction of Major General W. C. Patton, the first blood bank in the true sense of the word, the Calcutta Blood Bank, was established on Central Avenue in Calcutta. The Blood Bank Committee of the Red Cross was given the responsibility of overall management.
March 6, 1942 – May 15, 1943: The Blood Bank team collects 39,050 units of blood from the British, officials of various government-run and government organizations, and members of aristocratic families to meet the demand for blood of war wounded. Of these, 5,456 bags of blood were collected at the Blood Bank.
After the war, the blood bank was handed over to the government. At that time there was no activity to motivate the blood donors to donate blood so the need for blood was being met with the blood of the blood sellers.
Blood banks were established in metropolitan cities in the 1940s and in district cities in the 1950s. The establishment of many commercial blood banks was encouraged as all blood banks became dependent on professional blood sellers.
1954: Leela Mulgaokar, son of India’s famous Tata family, is injured in a road accident and needs blood transfusion and survives. From then until the day of her death in 1992, Leela Mulgaoka led a private blood donation movement.
August 4, 1972: Rector of Jadavpur University. Under the leadership of Triguna Sen, the students and teachers of the university organized a month-long blood camp for the first time. 301 people donated blood in that camp.
1985: Voluntary Blood Donation Day is observed for the first time in India on October 1, at the initiative of the Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology.
1985: For the first time, a three-day National Seminar and Workshop was held in Calcutta to motivate voluntary blood donors. In this seminar, government policy on blood circulation was formulated at the national level. Since then, a monthly magazine called Gift of Blood has been published regularly to encourage voluntary blood donation.
January 4, 1997: In the public interest, the Supreme Court of India declared a ban on all types of blood trade from January 1, 1997, and the state to encourage voluntary blood donation.